Newels serve two important purposes in the flights of stairs. First of all, newels function as load-bearing elements.  Newel posts serve as a bearing both inside and outside the flight of stairs, when it is impossible to fix the wall-adjacent closed string or open string to the wall. Newels also is a bearing for handrails, on which the balusters are fastened in their turn. The second equally important function is a decorative one. For instance, the entry newel is always located in the very focus of attention of the entire flight of stairs, and the impression made by the stairs will depend on it to a great extent. According to newels design and secondly according to balusters design it can be defined in what style the stairs are built. Of course, the newels can be manufactured with an ordinary square section. The strength of the stairs will not suffer because of that, but the design of the entire stairs will be arid.  Let's find out how to improve the situation, and study the existing designer decisions for the newels.

The newels can be divided into Box Newel, Turned Newel, Carved Newel, Freeform Carved Newel.






Box Newel

This type of newels as you can see from their name has a square section. They can be either solid or hollow.

Solid newels have as a rule a section of 83*83 mm or 100*100 mm. With the help of a router one can apply decorative grooving on their lateral faces. The top end can be decorated with a decorative cap.





























Hollow newels are assembled of four panels fastened in the corners inside. Its top is covered with a decorative cap. As a rule these newels can have a section of 100*100 mm, 120*120 mm, 140*140 mm, 160*160 mm and more. The appearance of decoration of newels may slightly differ but in general there can be distinguished four basic tiers. The first tier is a cap of the newel which constitutes its ending. The second tier is a place of the handrail fastening. It is located between the upper cap and decorative molding. The third tier is the panels where the principal decorative finish is created. The fourth and last tier is joined with a tread. Its section is slightly thicker than that of the third tier. The passage between the third and the fourth tier is decorated with a molding. The surface on the panels of the third tier can be flat or relief. The surfaces can also be decorated with the help of a router, or with overlay carving.




























These newels can be bought already prepared for lacquer or paint finish. The usage of the Box Newels can be observed in such styles as Baroque, Victorian Era, Arts and Crafts, Edwardian Period, American Foursquare Style.






Turned Newel

This type of newels is manufactured by way of processing square battens on a turning machine. These newels are always solid. The diversity of forms and designs proposed on the market boggles our imagination. You can find both classical and modern forms here. It is possible to make any desirable form on modern turning machines.  In general, the Turned Newel has a section of 83*83 mm or 100*100 mm but it is possible to produce newels of any other size to order.

The appearance of newels may differ from each other, but usually we distinguish four basic tiers just like in the Box Newel. The first tier is a cap of the newel which is turned on a turning machine and forms its ending. There are models which instead of the first tier have a cylindrical ledge for fastening of a handrail placed upon it. The second tier is a place of the handrail fastening. In this place the newel has a square section for convenient fastening of a handrail. The third tier is the most beautiful part of the newel. Here the curiously turned form uncovers all the wealth of beauty of grain. And finally, the fourth and last tier is joined with a tread.  It has the same section as the second tier.

The turned newel can be additionally processed with a router for application of decorative pits going either along the baluster or curling spirally. Such processing communicates even more refining and sure enough beauty to the newels.



























Preparing forms and sections for their models manufacturers draw their inspiration from the history of architecture. The usage of the Turned Newel may be observed in Victorian Era, Colonial Period , Regency Period , and other periods.


Carved Newel

For production of these newels the latest achievements in the sphere of computer-graphics, construction and CNC machines application are used. This technology allows executing any king of carving on the wood surface, besides the carving will look very realistic. The finished newel will resemble a work of art. In general, Carved Newels are used together with Carved Balusters so that the whole stairway may comply with particular style.  These newels are very expensive, difficult-to-make and used only for expensive and exclusive staircases.




























Freeform Carved Newel

This type of newels refers to the category of wooden sculpture. Here you may use all the fertility of imagination and personal preferences in decoration in the newels design. The newel can be of any form. The main thing here is to observe balanced proportions with the lead-in part of the stairs and with the entire stairway in whole. The newel mustn't look very bulky or, vice versa, very thin.

Such newel can be made either solid or hollow. A hollow newel can be made in the form of a frame upon which thick boards are fastened. Then all the edges are rounded and the desirable shape is given to the newel. Then the surface is decorated with carvings with the help of cutters. Here you can also use ready-made planted components.

There shall be previously made several sketches from different views, and only then you shall proceed to manufacturing.

The theme represented in the carving may be the most diverse.

It may be either a nook of the forest where a fox coming out of the thicket or an owl sitting on a branch is depicted, or just an elegant composition of traditional patterns. In any case such a newel will always be in the focus of attention.




























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- Stairs Models